Central Asian Shepherd Dog


Photo Credit. Pixaby

Alternative Names: Mid-Asian Shepherd,Central Asian Ovtcharka.

Origin: Siberia,Russia,Mongolia

Group: AKC, Guardian

The Central Asian Shepherd Dog most likely originated from areas between the Ural, Caspian, Asia Minor, and the Northwest border of China.After the Communist revolution, the Soviet government wanted working dog breeds for the Red Army, and ended up importing the best Central Asian Shepherd Dogs into Russia as military working dogs and guard dogs.Many of these dogs crossbred, and after a while the purebred Central Asian dogs could only be found with the herders, breeders and on some farms.

History: This breed is still found today in Central Afghanistan, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kirgyzstan, Tadjikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. The breed is still very rare in the United States.The Central-Asian Shepherd serves as livestock guardians and protectors to their owners. They were used to protect against bears and wolves within the region.They closely resemble some of the aboriginal breeds of Livestock Guardian dogs from the region of Northern Caucasian Voldodav.

Today’s modern dog is known to be similar to the original nomadic Central Asian Shepherd Dog,nonetheless there are possibly 10 new types to this breed that are being developed in Russia.

Modern Central Asian Shepherds have been bred in many different ways, depending on the demand for specific abilities.These dogs are more powerful than the Caucasian Shepherd, Kangal and Akbash.Unfortunately some of these dogs were used for fighting.The breed remains stable today, and have some great working dogs, regardless of the country that they come from.There are still dogs that are being bought for their bloodlines from the Ukraine, Belarus and other countries.

Description: A large and powerful dog that has great strength and power.These dogs are a bit longer than tall, and have a broad head, blunt muzzle and large, black nose.Tails are sometimes docked or kept long.The Central Asian Shepherd has a  double coat with a thick undercoat.The outer coat is either white,black, gray, brindle, gray brown, part-colored or straw colored.They have some unique characteristics such as flexible joints, false ribs, specific head set, as well as a very large neck with massive dewlap.They have very intelligent, expressive eyes.

Weight: 90-150 pounds

Height: 23.5- 25.5 inches

Temperament: Sometimes can be dog aggressive. Friendly, intelligent, protective, affectionate and loyal.

Activity Level:Medium

Best Home: Rural

Special Needs: Plenty of socialization, positive training, regular exercise

Health Concerns: None


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  1 comment for “Central Asian Shepherd Dog

  1. February 20, 2014 at 5:13 pm


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